TALLAHASSEE, Fla. (Mar. 23, 2015) – A Florida state Senate committee unanimously approved a bill today that would authorize the farming, production, and sale of industrial hemp in the state, effectively nullifying the federal prohibition on the same.
Introduced by State Sen. Jeff Clemons (D-Palm Beach) on Feb. 13, Senate Bill 902 (S902) not only designates industrial hemp as an agricultural crop, but also sets up the framework to effectuate a commercial hemp farming program in the state. Additionally, it expressly rejects any need for federal approval. It states, in part:
The department may not adopt under this chapter, or any other provision of law, a rule that prohibits an individual from growing, processing, distributing, manufacturing, or selling hemp based on its legal status under federal law.
S902 passed through the Senate Agriculture Committee today by a 7-0 vote. It will now head to the Senate Criminal Justice Committee for further consideration.
Individuals would be permitted to cultivate and distribute industrial hemp after receiving a license from state regulators. Requirements to receive a license under S902 include: name and address, location of the hemp farm, allowing regular inspections of authorized grow operations, and paying an annual registration fee not exceeding $100. The bill would take effect on July 1, 2015 if passed into law.
Passage into law will ensure that Florida will join five other states – Colorado, Oregon, South Carolina, Tennessee and Vermont – that have already passed similar measures. Another passed the North Dakota legislature this year and awaits a signature from Gov. Dalrymple.
Farmers in SE Colorado started harvesting the plant in 2013, and farmers in Vermont began harvesting in 2014, effectively nullifying federal restrictions on such agricultural activities. On Feb. 2, the Oregon hemp industry officially opened for business and one week later, the first license went to a small non-profit group who hopes to plant 25 acres this spring. The Tennessee Agricultural department recently put out a call for licensing, signaling that hemp farming will start soon there too. And a law passed in South Carolina in 2014 authorizes the same.
Experts suggest that the U.S. market for hemp is around $500 million per year. They count as many as 25,000 uses for industrial hemp, including food, cosmetics, plastics and bio-fuel. The U.S. is currently the world’s #1 importer of hemp fiber for various products, with China and Canada acting as the top two exporters in the world.
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